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 22.02.2007   Карта сайта     Language По-русски По-английски
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22.02.2007

 


Nature 445, 896-899 (22 February 2007) | doi:10.1038/nature05586; Received 4 October 2006; Accepted 8 January 2007; Published online 28 January 2007


Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot–cavity system


K. Hennessy1,2,3, A. Badolato1,3, M. Winger1,3, D. Gerace1, M. Atatüre1, S. Gulde1, S. Fält1, E. L. Hu2 and A. Imamog brevelu1



  1. Institute of Quantum Electronics, ETH Zürich, HPT G10, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland
  2. California NanoSystems Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA
  3. These authors contributed equally to this work.


Correspondence to: A. Imamog brevelu1 Correspondence and requests for materials should be addressed to A.I. (Email: imamoglu@phys.ethz.ch).





Cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED) studies the interaction between a quantum emitter and a single radiation-field mode. When an atom is strongly coupled to a cavity mode1, 2, it is possible to realize important quantum information processing tasks, such as controlled coherent coupling and entanglement of distinguishable quantum systems. Realizing these tasks in the solid state is clearly desirable, and coupling semiconductor self-assembled quantum dots to monolithic optical cavities is a promising route to this end. However, validating the efficacy of quantum dots in quantum information applications requires confirmation of the quantum nature of the quantum-dot–cavity system in the strong-coupling regime. Here we find such confirmation by observing quantum correlations in photoluminescence from a photonic crystal nanocavity3, 4, 5 interacting with one, and only one, quantum dot located precisely at the cavity electric field maximum. When off-resonance, photon emission from the cavity mode and quantum-dot excitons is anticorrelated at the level of single quanta, proving that the mode is driven solely by the quantum dot despite an energy mismatch between cavity and excitons. When tuned to resonance, the exciton and cavity enter the strong-coupling regime of cavity QED and the quantum-dot exciton lifetime reduces by a factor of 145. The generated photon stream becomes antibunched, proving that the strongly coupled exciton/photon system is in the quantum regime. Our observations unequivocally show that quantum information tasks are achievable in solid-state cavity QED.



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  • Chen Wev .  honorary member of ISSC science council

  • Harton Vladislav Vadim  honorary member of ISSC science council

  • Lichtenstain Alexandr Iosif  honorary member of ISSC science council

  • Novikov Dimirtii Leonid  honorary member of ISSC science council

  • Yakushev Mikhail Vasilii  honorary member of ISSC science council

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