Pages 126-130 Yaqoob khan, Syed Tajammul Hussain, Mazhar Ali Abbasi, Per-Olov Kall, Fredrik Söderlind
Starting with an ammonical solution of zinc acetate, dense single crystal ZnO nanorod arrays were grown directly on high surface area porous 3D nickel foam substrates using a low temperature hydrothermal route. Heterogeneous nucleation of the nanorods with diameters around 100 nm can be conveniently and reproducibly controlled by simply adjusting the amount of ammonia added to the growth solution. X-ray diffraction and HRTEM analysis confirmed the single phase wurtzite structure and c-axis orientation of the as grown ZnO nanorod arrays. Cathodoluminescence measurements indicate that the as-grown nanorod arrays were rich in atomic defects and gave strong orange emissions in the visible region. The high surface area ZnO nanorod arrays on unique 3D substrate are expected to improve the sensitivity and efficiency of ZnO based electrochemical sensors and heterogeneous catalysts.
► ZnO nanorod arrays are first grown on large area porous 3D nickel foam substrate. ► Heterogeneous nucleation is controlled by adjusting the amount of ammonia added. ►The nanorods are rich in atomic defects as they give strong orange emission.