On the correlation between order parameter, superconducting volume fraction and critical current density in R: 123 superconductors
A. Sedkya, , 1, , M.I. Youssifb, S.M. Khalilc and Ayman Sawalhaa
aPhysics Department, Faculty of Science, King Faisal University, Al- Hassa, P.O.B. 400, Saudi Arabia bPhysics Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, New Damietta, Egypt cPhysics Department, Faculty of Science, South Valley University, Sohag, Egypt
Received 3 May 2006; accepted 14 May 2006. by A.H. MacDonald. Available online 8 June 2006.
Resistivity and low field ac susceptibility measurements are made on R: 123 superconducting samples with different rare earth elements R. The order parameter dimensionality OPD is deduced from resistivity versus temperature plot using the Aslamazov and Larkin expression, while the analysis of the temperature dependence of ac susceptibility is done employing Beans’ critical state model and with the help of the Ravi expression. With increasing R, the critical temperatures Tc are nearly kept constant (90 K), while the crossover temperatures To are shifted to lower values. Moreover, the superconducting order parameter OPD is shifted toward 2D behavior. On the other hand, the values of superconducting volume fraction fg decrease with increasing ac field amplitude Hm for all samples and it is higher in Er: 123 sample than in Nd: 123 sample. Although the values of critical current density Jc at the peak temperature Tm are nearly unchanged with increasing R, the values of Jc(T), at T<Tm and T>Tm, are found to be dependent on the chosen R. The correlation between the above calculated parameters against R is also mentioned.
Keywords: D. Resistivity; D. Ac susceptibility; D. OPD; E. R: 123