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 19.11.2009   Карта сайта     Language По-русски По-английски
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19.11.2009

Nature 462, 339-341 (19 November 2009) | doi:10.1038/nature08569; Received 20 July 2007; Accepted 1 October 2009



Ultraflat graphene


Chun Hung Lui1, Li Liu2, Kin Fai Mak1, George W. Flynn2 & Tony F. Heinz1




  1. Departments of Physics and Electrical Engineering, Columbia University, 538 West 120th Street,

  2. Department of Chemistry, Columbia University, 3000 Broadway, New York, New York 10027, USA


Correspondence to: Tony F. Heinz1 Correspondence and requests for materials should be addressed to T.F.H. (Email: tony.heinz@columbia.edu).





Graphene, a single atomic layer of carbon connected by sp 2 hybridized bonds, has attracted intense scientific interest since its recent discovery1. Much of the research on graphene has been directed towards exploration of its novel electronic properties, but the structural aspects of this model two-dimensional system are also of great interest and importance. In particular, microscopic corrugations have been observed on all suspended2 and supported3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 graphene sheets studied so far. This rippling has been invoked to explain the thermodynamic stability of free-standing graphene sheets9. Many distinctive electronic10, 11, 12 and chemical13, 14, 15 properties of graphene have been attributed to the presence of ripples, which are also predicted to give rise to new physical phenomena16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 that would be absent in a planar two-dimensional material. Direct experimental study of such novel ripple physics has, however, been hindered by the lack of flat graphene layers. Here we demonstrate the fabrication of graphene monolayers that are flat down to the atomic level. These samples are produced by deposition on the atomically flat terraces of cleaved mica surfaces. The apparent height variation in the graphene layers observed by high-resolution atomic force microscopy (AFM) is less than 25 picometres, indicating the suppression of any existing intrinsic ripples in graphene. The availability of such ultraflat samples will permit rigorous testing of the impact of ripples on various physical and chemical properties of graphene.



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  • Chen Wev .  honorary member of ISSC science council

  • Harton Vladislav Vadim  honorary member of ISSC science council

  • Lichtenstain Alexandr Iosif  honorary member of ISSC science council

  • Novikov Dimirtii Leonid  honorary member of ISSC science council

  • Yakushev Mikhail Vasilii  honorary member of ISSC science council

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