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11.03.2010

Nature 464, 262-266 (11 March 2010) | doi:10.1038/nature08876; Received 28 September 2009; Accepted 1 February 2010



Transmission of electrical signals by spin-wave interconversion in a magnetic insulator


Y. Kajiwara1,2, K. Harii1, S. Takahashi1,3, J. Ohe1,3, K. Uchida1, M. Mizuguchi1, H. Umezawa5, H. Kawai5, K. Ando1,2, K. Takanashi1, S. Maekawa1,3 & E. Saitoh1,2,4




  1. Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577, Japan

  2. Department of Applied Physics and Physico-Informatics, Keio University, Yokohama 223-8522, Japan

  3. CREST,

  4. PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanbancho, Tokyo 102-0075, Japan

  5. FDK Corporation, Shizuoka 431-0495, Japan


Correspondence to: E. Saitoh1,2,4 Correspondence and requests for materials should be addressed to E.S. (Email: saitoheiji@imr.tohoku.ac.jp).





The energy bandgap of an insulator is large enough to prevent electron excitation and electrical conduction1. But in addition to charge, an electron also has spin2, and the collective motion of spin can propagate—and so transfer a signal—in some insulators3. This motion is called a spin wave and is usually excited using magnetic fields. Here we show that a spin wave in an insulator can be generated and detected using spin-Hall effects, which enable the direct conversion of an electric signal into a spin wave, and its subsequent transmission through (and recovery from) an insulator over macroscopic distances. First, we show evidence for the transfer of spin angular momentum between an insulator magnet Y3Fe5O12 and a platinum film. This transfer allows direct conversion of an electric current in the platinum film to a spin wave in the Y3Fe5O12 via spin-Hall effects4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11. Second, making use of the transfer in a Pt/Y3Fe5O12/Pt system, we demonstrate that an electric current in one metal film induces voltage in the other, far distant, metal film. Specifically, the applied electric current is converted into spin angular momentum owing to the spin-Hall effect7, 8, 10, 11 in the first platinum film; the angular momentum is then carried by a spin wave in the insulating Y3Fe5O12 layer; at the distant platinum film, the spin angular momentum of the spin wave is converted back to an electric voltage. This effect can be switched on and off using a magnetic field. Weak spin damping3 in Y3Fe5O12 is responsible for its transparency for the transmission of spin angular momentum. This hybrid electrical transmission method potentially offers a means of innovative signal delivery in electrical circuits and devices.


ftp://server.ihim.uran.ru/localfiles/nature08876.pdf



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  • Chen Wev .  honorary member of ISSC science council

  • Harton Vladislav Vadim  honorary member of ISSC science council

  • Lichtenstain Alexandr Iosif  honorary member of ISSC science council

  • Novikov Dimirtii Leonid  honorary member of ISSC science council

  • Yakushev Mikhail Vasilii  honorary member of ISSC science council

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