Two couples of new compounds templated by the polyanion [SiW12O40]4−,[Hbix][CuI(bix)]3[SiW12O40]·4H2O (1) and [CuII(H2O)(Hbix)2(bix)]2[CuII(H2O)2(Hbix)2(bix)][SiW12O40]3·4H2O (2) (bix = 1,4-Bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene), [CuI(bbi)]4[SiW12O40]·2H2O (3) and [CuII(bbi2)]2[SiW12O40] (4) (bbi = 1,1′-(1,4-butanediyl)bis(imidazole)) were hydrothermally synthesized, and characterized by elemental analyses, IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analyses and single X-ray diffraction. Compounds 1 and 2 were synthesized from the same reactants but exhibited distinct structures which could be ascribed to the different ratios of the reactant bix to CuII. In compound 1, the higher ratio of bix results in the transformation of the CuII to CuI, the [SiW12O40]4− templates direct the CuI–bix coordination polymers to form a 3D supramolecular framework with grid-like channels along two directions. The [SiW12O40]4− templates in compound 2 locate in the voids of the 3D supramolecular network constructed by CuII–bix coordination polymers, which exhibits the interdigitation fashion in both the formation of the 2D layer and the 3D framework. Compounds 3 and 4 were synthesized similar to 1 and 2, except for the change of bix to bbi. In compound 3, the CuI–bbi polymers form a supramolecular metal–organic host framework with rhombic channels in which the SiW12 templates reside. Compound 4 shows a framework with hexagonal channels constructed by CuII–bbi coordination polymers which accommodated the SiW12 templates.
The different ratios of the organic ligands to CuII resulted in the different oxidation states of Cu, and further led to the distinct structures.
Keywords: Polyoxometalates; Template; Organic ligands; Stoichiometry; Channels; Electrocatalytic