Variable aspect ratio (length/diameter), one dimensional ZnO nanostructures are synthesized by reacting Zn2+ precursor derived from Zn·Ac2, Zn·Cl2 and Zn·(NO3)2 under hydrothermal treatment. The growth mechanism illustrating the formation of self-assembling from individual ZnO nanoparticles to rod-like form is explained briefly. XRD reveals that the ZnO obtained from various zinc salts are pure, wurtzite structure, with crystalline hexagonal phase. The qualitative analysis of ZnO formation and morphology of ZnO nanoparticles are estimated from FESEM and TEM micrographs. Strong UV absorption corresponding to the recombination of electron–hole pair is observed and the blue shift absorption obeys the size confinement effect. The extent of absorption relatively varies when the morphology is changed from nano-bundles to individual rod-like ZnO. When electrons are excited at wavelength of 240 nm, a strong near band edge (NBE) emission and surface defects emission are observed in the PL spectra. The broader emission situated in the blue-green region of the visible spectrum, originating from surface oxygen defects, is not observed in ZnO derived from Zn·Ac2.
The study investigates the effect of Zn2+ ions derived from various zinc sources (Zn·Ac2, Zn·Cl2 and Zn·(NO3)2) on the formation of one dimensional ZnO nanostructures with tunable aspect ratio.