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 29.03.2011   Карта сайта     Language По-русски По-английски
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29.03.2011





Structural, optical and EPR studies on ZnO:Cu nanopowders prepared via low temperature solution combustion synthesis


A. Jagannatha Reddya, M.K. Kokilab, E-mail The Corresponding Author, H. Nagabhushanac, Corresponding Author Contact Information, E-mail The Corresponding Author, R.P.S. Chakradhard, Corresponding Author Contact Information, E-mail The Corresponding Author, C. Shivakumarae, J.L. Raof and B.M. Nagabhushanag





a Department of Physics, M. S. Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bangalore 560 054, India


b Department of Physics, Bangalore University, Bangalore 560 056, India


c Advanced Materials Research Laboratory, Tumkur University, Tumkur 572 103, India


d Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute (CSIR), Kolkata 700 032, India


e Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India


f Department of Physics, S.V. University, Tirupathi 517 502, India


g Department of Chemistry, M. S. Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bangalore 560 054, India




Received 12 November 2010; 


revised 4 February 2011; 


accepted 7 February 2011. 


Available online 12 February 2011.











Abstract



Cu (0.1 mol%) doped ZnO nanopowders have been successfully synthesized by a wet chemical method at a relatively low temperature (300 °C). Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, UV–Visible spectroscopy, Photoluminescence (PL) and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) measurements were used for characterization. PXRD results confirm that the nanopowders exhibit hexagonal wurtzite structure of ZnO without any secondary phase. The particle size of as-formed product has been calculated by Williamson–Hall (W–H) plots and Scherrer's formula is found to be in the range of not, vert, similar40 nm. TEM image confirms the nano size crystalline nature of Cu doped ZnO. SEM micrographs of undoped and Cu doped ZnO show highly porous with large voids. UV–Vis spectrum showed a red shift in the absorption edge in Cu doped ZnO. PL spectra show prominent peaks corresponding to near band edge UV emission and defect related green emission in the visible region at room temperature and their possible mechanisms have been discussed. The EPR spectrum exhibits a broad resonance signal at g not, vert, similar 2.049, and two narrow resonances one at g not, vert, similar 1.990 and other at g not, vert, similar 1.950. The broad resonance signal at g not, vert, similar 2.049 is a characteristic of Cu2+ ion whereas the signal at g not, vert, similar 1.990 and g not, vert, similar 1.950 can be attributed to ionized oxygen vacancies and shallow donors respectively. The spin concentration (N) and paramagnetic susceptibility (χ) have been evaluated and discussed.











Highlights



► ZnO:Cu nano particles are prepared via solution combustion technique with ODH fuel at low temperature. ► Analysis of X-ray line broadening and micro strain in nanoparticles are evaluated using W-H plots. ► PXRD results confirm that the nanopowders exhibit hexagonal wurtzite structure. ► Decrease in the green emission and enhancement of UV emission in Cu doped ZnO due to the decrease in defects. ► EPR spectrum exhibits a broad resonance signal at g not, vert, similar 2.049 and two narrow resonances one at g not, vert, similar 1.990 and other at g not, vert, similar 1.950.





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