Sinterability of the oxynitride LaTiO2N with perovskite-type structure
- a Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Arrhenius Laboratory, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
- b Technische Universität Darmstadt, Institut für Materialwissenschaft, Petersenstrasse 32, D-64287 Darmstadt, Germany
- Available online 25 October 2013
LaTiO2N is thermodynamically unstable above 400 °C in air and 800 °C in argon.
LaTiO2N ceramics with 74∼94% TD and 57∼90 wt% LaTiO2N were prepared by SPS.
The 94% TD is higher than any other counterparts prepared so far.
SPS enables the preparation of almost dense LaTiO2N bulks with adequate purity.
Based on a thermal stability study, the sinterability of the oxynitride LaTiO2N was investigated by spark plasma sintering (SPS). The results show that LaTiO2N is thermodynamically unstable above ca. 400 °C in air and ca. 800 °C in argon. While it appears impossible to completely avoid decomposition during sintering, LaTiO2N ceramics with relative density of 74∼94% and a residual LaTiO2N content of 57∼90 wt% were prepared. By manipulating kinetics, a relative density of 94% was achieved at 1350 °C under an uniaxially applied pressure of 125 MPa. This density is higher than any other counterparts prepared by conventional sintering so far. SPS appears a feasible tool for manipulating the sintering kinetics. It enables the preparation of almost dense LaTiO2N bulks with adequate purity.